Umblachery is an indigenous cattle breed which is mainly for agricultural work. The breed is native to the coastal plains of Nagapattinam and Tiruvarur districts in the state of Tamil Nadu. Males of Umblachery cattle are used for agricultural purposes such as carting and ploughing and suitable for working in marshy rice fields of eastern districts of Tamilnadu. The breed is also known by some other names such as Jathi madu, Mottai madu, Southern Tanjore and Therkuthi madu.
Characteristics of Umblachery
Umblachery is smaller than the Kangayam but looks similar. They are usually grey in color with white points and back-lines. The calves are usually red or brown with white markings and appear different than the mature animals. Their color gradually change to grey in accordance to their age. Forehead of the Umblachery cattle is fairly broad and always has a prominent white star while other cattle breeds in this region lack this white star in their forehead.
Both bulls and cows have short and thick horns. Their ears are short, erect and placed horizontally. The hump is well developed in bulls, fairly developed in small cows. The Umblachery cattle have short but very strong legs. Udder is not well developed in the cows. Average body height at withers is 135 cm for bulls and 105 cm for the cows.
Umblachery cattle are noted for their strength and sturdiness. They are an excellent draught cattle breed of Tamilnadu. Their habitat is in the Cauvery delta region and the agriculture production in this region is very intensive especially rice production. And these animals are very hardy and suitable for work in marshy rice fields. Milk of the Umblachery cows is of very good quality with high fat content.